Help and frequently asked questions

What causes Meniere's disease?


We don’t know what causes Meniere's disease, but we do know that:

  • It can run in families
  • People with increased pressure in the endolymphatic sac (part of the inner ear) may be more likely to develop it
  • Disturbances involving the balance of sodium and potassium in the fluid contained in the inner ear may lead to the disease
  • People with an abnormal immune response – where the body has problems defending itself from alien bodies such as viruses – may develop the disease
  • Some specific viral infections are linked to its development
  • Stress can make the symptoms worse
  • It may be associated with changes in blood supply to the ear
  • It may also be associated with head injuries