Glaucoma treatment has evolved a lot over recent years, with new research constantly in development.

How glaucoma is managed can be quite complex due to the many treatment options available. We want to explain those options in the easiest way possible — to help you understand which glaucoma treatment your optometrist might suggest and why.

In this glaucoma treatment resource, we'll break down the different glaucoma eye drops and how they're used for glaucoma treatment, articles about treatment plans for specific glaucoma types, and surgical overviews. It should allow you to put your strongest foot forward in terms of managing glaucoma.

To understand more about glaucoma causes and glaucoma diagnosis, you can find similar content here. Or you can visit our glaucoma homepage for more information on glaucoma symptoms.

Glaucoma treatment options

Glaucoma treatment all depends on the type of glaucoma you have. When you get to this stage, you’ll have been referred to an eye specialist (ophthalmologist) by your optician so they can further assess your eyes and talk you through potential treatment types.

Some of your options might include:

  • Eye drops – this helps to treat most cases of glaucoma (primary open-angle glaucoma). There are several different types, but they all aim to reduce the pressure in your eyes. Learn more about them here.
  • Laser treatment – this is a type of surgery that uses a very tiny, high-energy beam of light to help improve the drainage inside the eye. It’s often recommended if eye drops aren’t effective, or if people are unable to apply eye drops. There are a few different methods to do this, and your ophthalmologist will be able to recommend the right one for you. People with acute onset glaucoma are more commonly treated with laser to relieve the pressure build up in the eye quickly.
  • Trabeculectomy – this type of surgery is typically offered to people who don’t respond to eye drops and aren’t suitable for laser treatment. It involves making a small hole in the tough outer wall of the eye (sclera), which is covered by a ‘trap-door’ of eye tissue under the eyelid and allows fluid to drain out and lower eye pressure. Learn more about it here.

Read more articles about glaucoma treatment


1, 2. Glaucoma UK (2021). What is glaucoma? Available at: [accessed August 2021]